Published in IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering ( Early Access ), 2022
High static field MR scanners can produce human tissue images of astounding clarity, but rely on high frequency electromagnetic radiation that generates complicated in-tissue field patterns that are patient-specific and potentially harmful. Many such scanners use parallel transmitters to better control field patterns, but then adjust the transmitters based on general guidelines rather than optimizing for the specific patient, mostly because computing patient-specific fields was presumed far too slow. It was recently demonstrated that the combination of fast low-resolution tissue mapping and fast voxel-based field simulation can be used to perform a patient-specific MR safety check in minutes. However, the field simulation required several of those minutes, making it too slow to perform the dozens of simulations that would be needed for patient-specific optimization. In this paper we describe a compressed-perturbation-matrix technique that nearly eliminates the computational cost of including complex coils (or coils and shields) in voxel-based field simulation of tissue, thereby reducing simulation time from minutes to seconds. The approach is demonstrated on a wide variety of head+coil and head+coil+shield configurations, using the implementation in MARIE 2.0, the latest version of the open-source MR field simulator MARIE.
Recommended citation: G. D. Guryev et al., "MARIE 2.0: A Perturbation Matrix Based Patient-Specific MRI Field Simulator," in IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, 2022, doi: 10.1109/TBME.2022.3222748. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/9953535